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World Bank sees rising risk of global recession in 2023

Friday, September 16, 2022
World Bank sees rising risk of global recession in 2023 © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Vehicles pass in front of the World Bank building, which houses the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, in Washington, D.C. on May 20, 2022. Picture taken with a long exposure. Picture taken May 20, 2022. REUTERS/Rapha

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The world may be edging toward a global recession as central banks across the world simultaneously hike interest rates to combat persistent inflation, the World Bank said on Thursday.

The world's three largest economies - the United States, China, and the euro area - have been slowing sharply, and even a "moderate hit to the global economy over the next year could tip it into recession," the bank said in a new study.

It said the global economy was now in its steepest slowdown following a post-recession recovery since 1970, and consumer confidence had already dropped more sharply than in the run-up to previous global recessions.

"Global growth is slowing sharply, with further slowing likely as more countries fall into recession," World Bank President David Malpass said, adding his worry that these trends would persist, with devastating consequences for emerging market and developing economies.

Synchronized interest rate hikes under way globally and related policy actions were likely to continue well into next year, but might not be sufficient to bring inflation back down to levels seen before the COVID-19 pandemic, the bank said.

Unless supply disruptions and labor-market pressures subsided, the global core inflation rate, excluding energy, could stay at about 5% in 2023, nearly double the five-year average before the pandemic.

To drive inflation lower, central banks may need to raise interest rates by an additional 2 percentage points, on top of the 2-percentage point increase already seen over the 2021 average, it said.

But an increase of that size, along with financial-market stress, would slow global gross domestic product growth to 0.5% in 2023, or a 0.4% contraction in per–capita terms, which would meet the technical definition of a global recession, it added.

Malpass said policymakers should shift their focus from reducing consumption to boosting production, including efforts to generate additional investment and productivity gains.

Previous recessions showed the risk of allowing inflation to stay elevated for long while growth is weak, the bank said, noting that the 1982 recession triggered more than 40 debt crises and ushered in a decade of lost growth in many developing economies.

World Bank vice president Ayhan Kose said a recent tightening of monetary and fiscal policies would help cut inflation, but the highly synchronous nature of the measures could compound the situation and steepen the global growth slowdown.

The study suggested that central banks could combat inflation without touching off a global recession by communicating their policy decisions clearly, while policymakers should put in place credible medium-term fiscal plans and continue to provide targeted relief to vulnerable households.

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29-09-2022 04:35:33 (UTC+7)

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 EUR/USD0.9738↑ Buy
 GBP/USD1.0888↑ Buy
 USD/JPY144.10Buy
 AUD/USD0.6520↑ Sell
 USD/CAD1.3610↑ Sell
 EUR/JPY140.32Sell
 EUR/CHF0.9501Neutral
 Gold1,668.50↑ Buy
 Silver18.890↑ Buy
 Copper3.3805↑ Sell
 Crude Oil WTI81.88↑ Sell
 Brent Oil87.96↑ Buy
 Natural Gas7.022Neutral
 US Coffee C227.80↑ Sell
 Euro Stoxx 503,335.30Neutral
 S&P 5003,719.04↑ Sell
 DAX12,183.28Neutral
 FTSE 1007,005.39Neutral
 Hang Seng17,250.88Buy
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 IBEX 357,442.20Neutral
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 Bayer48.19Neutral
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 Adidas130.24↑ Buy
 Lufthansa5.772↑ Buy
 Siemens AG99.46↑ Buy
 Deutsche Bank AG7.854↑ Sell
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