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EU plans for life without Russian gas amid inflation spike

25 Tháng Sáu 2022

By Jan Strupczewski and Ingrid Melander

BRUSSELS (Reuters) -EU leaders met on Friday to prepare for further cuts in Russian gas, limit the impact on inflation and seek alternative supplies, accusing Moscow of "weaponising" energy via a supply squeeze that Germany warned could partly shut its industry.

A day after celebrations over setting Kyiv on the road to membership of the bloc, Friday's summit in Brussels was a sober reflection on the economic impact of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

"The notion of cheap energy is gone and the notion of Russian energy is essentially gone and we are all in the process of securing alternate sources," Latvian Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins said, adding governments must "support those portions of society that suffer the most".

Leaders of the 27 EU nations will, according to a draft summit statement seen by Reuters, place the blame for a huge spike in prices and sagging global growth on the war that began exactly four months ago.

Following unprecedented Western sanctions imposed over the invasion, a dozen European countries have so far been thumped by cuts in gas flows from Russia.

"It is only a matter of time before the Russians close down all gas shipments," said one EU official ahead of Friday's talks.

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck warned his country was heading for a gas shortage if Russian supplies remained as low as currently, and some industries would have to close come winter.

"Companies would have to stop production, lay off their workers, supply chains would collapse, people would go into debt to pay their heating bills," he told Der Spiegel magazine, adding it was part of Russian President Vladimir Putin's strategy to divide the country.

The EU relied on Russia for as much as 40% of its gas needs before the war - rising to 55% for Germany - leaving a huge gap to fill in an already tight global gas market.

'WEAPONISATION OF GAS'

Inflation was the main concern in morning talks among leaders on the EU's economic situation, but there were also positive comments about growth and the summer tourism season, an EU official said.

Inflation in the 19 countries sharing the euro currency has shot to all-time highs above 8% and the EU's executive expects growth to dip to 2.7% this year.

Eurogroup chief Paschal Donohoe warned that the bloc must "acknowledge the risk we could face if inflation becomes embedded in our economies".

According to a draft statement seen by Reuters, EU leaders will say that "in the face of the weaponisation of gas by Russia", the European Commission should find ways to secure "supply at affordable prices".

"We need to start buying energy collectively, we need to implement price caps and we need to make plans together to get through the winter," Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo said on Friday as he arrived at the summit.

"If we don't pay attention then the whole EU economy will go into a recession with all its consequences."

The bloc responded to the war with uncharacteristic speed and unity, but some sanctions, such as a planned embargo on Russian oil imports, have repercussions for its economies.

EU countries have already poured billions of euros into tax cuts and subsidies to combat surging energy prices.

But that adds up to hefty bills for already stretched coffers, leaving many scrambling to find a solution, and EU countries disagree on a bloc-wide solution to address soaring prices.

Spain and Portugal capped gas prices in their local electricity market this month, but other states warn price caps would disrupt energy markets and drain state coffers further, if governments had to pay the difference between the capped price and the price in international gas markets.

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30-06-2022 20:14:56 (UTC+7)

EUR/USD

1.0410

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1.0410

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1.2143

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136.05

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0.6901

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 EUR/USD1.0410↑ Buy
 GBP/USD1.2143↑ Buy
 USD/JPY136.05↑ Sell
 AUD/USD0.6901↑ Buy
 USD/CAD1.2888↑ Sell
 EUR/JPY141.63Sell
 EUR/CHF0.9957↑ Sell
 Gold1,821.55Neutral
 Silver20.543Sell
 Copper3.7177↑ Buy
 Crude Oil WTI108.89↑ Sell
 Brent Oil111.61↑ Sell
 Natural Gas6.419↑ Buy
 US Coffee C229.60↑ Buy
 Euro Stoxx 503,432.35↑ Buy
 S&P 5003,818.83↑ Buy
 DAX12,686.19↑ Buy
 FTSE 1007,152.00Neutral
 Hang Seng21,859.79Sell
 Small Cap 20001,719.37Neutral
 IBEX 358,024.91Sell
 BASF40.135↑ Buy
 Bayer56.57↑ Buy
 Allianz180.86↑ Buy
 Adidas167.53↑ Buy
 Lufthansa5.423↑ Sell
 Siemens AG97.95Neutral
 Deutsche Bank AG8.239↑ Sell
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SJC Eximbank6,810/ 6,870
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